It is the male organ that secretes semen.
■ The male organ.
■ It generates 40-50% of semen.
■ It develops and grows under hormonal influence.
What is prostate disease?
Prostate disease is a generic term that describes a number of medical conditions that can affect the prostate gland such as benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate stones, prostate cancer and prostatitis.
* Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a common urological condition caused by the enlargement of the prostate gland in aging men leading to pressure on the urethra.
■ Difficulty starting urination.
■ A weak or slow urinary stream.
■ A feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder leading to frequently urinations in the night.
■ Watchful waiting : It has only mild symptoms. It is ititial disease that does not intervene in everyday life.
■ Drug therapy : Drugs that reduce the size of the prostate and improve the symptoms of urine.
■ Surgery therapy : When complications of BPH (Urinary retention, hematuria, bladder stones, urinary stones, renal failure, etc.) are accompanied and the symptoms become worsened so that they result in inconvenience and does not react drug therapy.
Prostatitis is a condition that involves inflammation of the prostate and is common in their 20s to 50s. About 50% of men suffer from prostatitis in their life long.
The most characteristic symptoms of prostatistis are pains in perineum, around the penis, and scrotum (testicles), and discomfort during ejaculation. The symptoms can be worsened when you are tired, sit too long or after drinking. Other symptoms are urinary frequency, painful urinatioin, and your bladder does not feel completely empty after you urinate.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis consists of the methos to relieve drug therapy lasting longer than 4 weeks and pelvic pain and voiding symptoms. Avoiding stress, smoking, alcohol consumption and sitz bath will help to relieve the symptoms. Even if the long-term drug therapy does not improve the symptoms, biofeedback and electrical stimulation therapy, magnetic therapy, etc. can be used.
* Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer mostly occurs after the age oyf 50. As age increases, the frequency of occurrence increases. So advance prevention through regular checkups is most important. ow-fat high-fiber diet.
In the early stages, prostate cancer often cause no symptoms, but as it progresses, similar symptoms such as urinary symptoms are accompanied such as frequent urination and difficulty urination. In addition, dysuria, hematuria and hematospermia are accompanied as well. Metastatic prostate cancer spreads to the bone causes severe pain and it is the most common cause of femoral fracture. Paralysis in the lower limbs may be occured suddenly when prostate cancer spreads to the spine.
For the treatment and prevention?
Radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy will be adapted when the cancer is confined to the prostate gland. Radical surgery is the most reliable method of treatmenty. Early diagnosis is helpful since it has a high cure rate. If cancer spread to the other oragans beyond prostate such as lymph nodes, bones, lungs, etc. hormone therapy that blocks male hormone will be performed. Low-fat high-fiber diet,,selenium, vitamin E, soybean intake are good to prevent prostate cancer.