logo logo logo logo

Hernia

What is a hernia?
☞ A hernia, which means “rupture” in Latin, is part of an organ protruding through a weak area of muscle. Hernias bulge out due to increased abdominal pressure.
Hernia occurs in about 2-3 % of the population. men reportedly have a higher incidence than women by a ratio of 4 to 1.


Types
☞ There are many types of hernias: An umbilical hernia occurs in a weak area of the abdominal wall around the navel, An incisional hernia that occurs at a previous surgical incision site. The most common hernias (95%) are inguinal hernias that occur in the groin-the area between the abdomen and thigh.


Symptoms
☞ Part of an internal organ bulges out through a muscle, especially when a patient cries or engages in strenuous activity, but typically goes away when the patient lies down. Only ¼ of people with hernias complain about their symptoms. If this pain starts suddenly , it might be an incarcerated hernia in which herniated tissue is trapped in the hernial sack.